The cubicle walls have become new place for workers to affix papers and other items once left on the horizontal desktop surface. This necessitated a more central placement of the computer on these "U-shape" suite Traditional writing desks systems.
Steel versions[ edit ] A small boom in office work and desk production occurred at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th with the introduction of smaller and less expensive electrical presses[ further explanation needed ] and efficient carbon paper coupled with the general acceptance of the typewriter.
Until the late s, desks remained a place for paperwork and "business machines", but the personal computer was taking hold in large and medium-sized businesses. From then on, limited quantities of finely crafted desks have been continued to be constructed by master cabinetmakers for the homes and offices of the rich, while the vast majority of desks were assembled rapidly by unskilled labor from components turned out in batches by machine tools.
School desk manufactured by the American S. Modular desks seating several co-workers close by became common. Steel desks were introduced to take heavier loads of paper and withstand the pounding meted out on the typewriters.
Soon, new office designs also included "U-shape" suites which added a bridge worksurface between the back credenza and front desk. Such desks are sometimes called "left-pedestal desks" and "right-pedestal desks", depending on the position of the single pedestal. The cubicle desk became widely accepted in North America as an economical way of squeezing more desk workers into the same space, without further shrinking the size of their cramped working surfaces.
The desks were designed with slots and hooks for bookmarks and for writing implements. This allowed an increase in the number of the white-collar workers.
Since manuscript volumes were sometimes large and heavy, desks of the period usually had massive structures. The beginning of this paper boom gave birth to the dream of the " paperless office ", in which all information would only appear on computer monitors.
New office suites included a "knee hole" credenza which was a place for a terminal or personal computer and keyboard tray. Early in the s, private office workers found that their side and back computer-placing furniture made it hard to show the contents of a computer screen to guests or co-workers.
It often is a pedestal desk, with only one of the two pedestals and about two-thirds of the desk surface. The basic desk forms were developed mostly in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Paper documents became voluminous enough to be stored separately in filing cabinets. Before this, most students in America sat either on chairs or long benches at long tables.
The L-shaped desk also became popular, with the "leg" being used as an annex for the typewriter. Thus, age alone does not guarantee that an antique desk is a masterpiece, since this split in quality took place more than a hundred years ago. More paper and correspondence drove the need for more complex desks and more specialized desks, such as the rolltop desk which was a mass-produced, slatted variant of the classical cylinder desk.
These desks are not as tall as normal adult desks. Through the "tech boom" of the s, office worker numbers increased along with the cost of office space rent. The modern ergonomic desk is a refinement of the mechanically complex drawing table or drafting table  from the end of the 18th century.
In some cases, the desk is connected from the seat to the table. The lighter weight and slimmer profile of the new displays allowed them to be mounted on flexible arms, so they could be swung into view or out of the way, and adjusted frequently as needed. Manufacturers have responded to this issue by creating "forward facing" desks where computer monitors are placed on the front of the "U-shape" workstation.
During the North American recession of the early s, many managers and executive workers were required to do word processing and other functions previously completed by typing pools and secretaries.
Modern mass-produced student desks are often made with laminate table tops and molded plastic seats in a combined single unit, with storage found under the desktop or on a wire shelf beneath the seat. One of the most common is the bunk-bed desk, also called the " loft bed ".
Refinements to the first desk forms were considerable through the 19th century, as steam-driven machinery made cheap wood-pulp paper possible towards the end of the first phase of the Industrial Revolution.IKEA - KNOTTEN, Standing desk, This standing desk is a modern version of a traditional writing desk.
The desk is ideal as the information hub of the home. A desk or bureau is a piece of furniture with a flat table-style work surface used in a school, office, home or the like for academic, professional or domestic activities such as reading, writing, or using equipment such as a computer.
Desks often have one or more drawers, compartments, or pigeonholes to store items such as office supplies and .Download