It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. They do not look upon them as people with families of their own; they do not realise that they have emotions - that they fall in love like white people do; that they want to be with their wives and children like white people want to be with theirs; that they want to earn enough money to support their families properly, to feed and clothe them and send them to school.
My guardian was my cousin, who was the acting paramount chief of Tembuland, and I am related both to the present paramount chief of Tembuland, Sabata Dalindyebo, and to Kaizer Matanzima, the chief minister of the Transkei.
In the Rivonia Trial Mr Mandela chose, instead of testifying, to make a speech from the dock and proceeded to hold the court spellbound for more than four hours. The incidence of infant mortality is one of the highest in the world.
In prison he contracted cancer which was diagnosed late. Life in the townships is dangerous. I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness, nor because I have any love of violence.
These features are poverty and lack of human dignity, and we do not need communists or so-called agitators to teach us about these things.
It is known as the Rivonia trial, after the Johannesburg suburb where some of the defendants were arrested. I was born in Mthatha, 46 years ago. The other seven were sent to Robben Island.
Secondly, we felt that without violence there would be no way open to the African people to succeed in their struggle against the principle of white supremacy. African women want to be with their men folk and not be left permanently widowed in the Reserves.
The complaint of Africans, however, is not only that they are poor and the whites are rich, but that the laws which are made by the whites are designed to preserve this situation. Yutar, that counsel for the defence have sufficient experience to be able to advise their clients without your assistance.
I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. Children wander about the streets of the townships because they have no schools to go to, or no money to enable them to go to school, or no parents at home to see that they go to school, because both parents if there be two have to work to keep the family alive.
Pass laws, which to the Africans are among the most hated bits of legislation in South Africa, render any African liable to police surveillance at any time. Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionNelson Mandela: In April they were convicted and sentenced.
The incidence of malnutrition and deficiency diseases is very high amongst Africans.
Ghettos Poverty and the breakdown of family life have secondary effects. But it is a land of extremes and remarkable contrasts. There are two ways to break out of poverty. Here are selected excerpts from his three-hour defence - his last public words before he was released from prison in Poverty goes hand in hand with malnutrition and disease.
Solely because the government left us no other choice. Africans want to perform work which they are capable of doing, and not work which the government declares them to be capable of. He spoke for some three hours, before concluding with the often quoted passage "I am prepared to die".
Umkhonto was formed by Africans to further their struggle for freedom in their own land. When it triumphs it will not change that policy Africans want to be paid a living wage.
Tuberculosis, pellagra, kwashiorkor, gastro-enteritis, and scurvy bring death and destruction of health.
South Africa is the richest country in Africa, and could be one of the richest countries in the world. But the violence which we chose to adopt was not terrorism.
This included charges of recruiting persons to undertake guerrilla warfare against the South African state, conspiring to aid foreign military against the republic, and furthering acts of communism.
She was released from prison in and went into exile. She was arrested in August and put on trial with Advocate Bram Fischer and 10 others. Four forms of violence were possible.This is the full text of Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of his trial on charges of sabotage, supreme court of South Africa, Pretoria, April 20 Nelson Mandela Trial () It's "the trial that changed South Africa." In the fall ofNelson Mandela and ten other leading opponents of South Africa's apartheid regime went on trial for their lives.
Nelson Mandela`s statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial. Pretoria Supreme Court, 20 April I am the First Accused. April 20, – April 20, marks the 47th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s speech from the dock in the Rivonia Trial in which he said he was prepared to die for a democratic, non-racial South Africa.
The Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory has a rare typescript of the speech, which Mr Mandela autographed and gave as a gift to a comrade.
When Nelson Mandela was on trial for treason inhe made a speech in the courtroom. Instead of testifying in his own defense, Mandela spoke from the dock for more than three hours.Download