Real communication situations should be the focus instead of isolated structures with no real-life reference. Learning is achieved while learners are having fun. A clear context must be specified for the test. Students need to decode language and manipulate it in private dialogue.
Generally, students like the element of competition involved. This is a good warmer or filler activity to reinforce grammar or vocabulary. Communicative activities Communication Communicative language teaching was developed by teachers and applied linguists as a response to the shortcomings of the audiolingual and grammar translation methods.
Question to question Sometimes we answer one question with another question, rather than giving a direct answer. While in teacher-led classrooms learners were expected to be quiet and listen to the teacher and then, when asked, to respond to the teacher in unison with the one correct answer, communicative tasks require learners to take initiatives and provide their responses instead of a response to contribute to the success of learning.
You can make this activity more challenging by telling the students that one of the words needs to be something specific - an adjective, an adverb, a pronoun or an irregular verb, if you are focusing on grammar, for example.
We need to move from knowing the forms and structures to using them in communicative language teaching writing activities. There are eight times as many squares on a chessboard as rows. Real life communication is the target. They have communicative language teaching writing activities negotiate in order to get the missing information.
Each testee has part of the information. Why do we do this? This involves two or more learners. The ratio is 1: Examples of communicative activities Information gap. Put learners into groups of 2 or 3 Learners look at comparisons on the board or in a handout and discuss how big the difference is between them They then match the comparison to a ratio Then they write a sentence expressing the ratio For example: The role of the teachers is to give clear and to the point instructions and provide the appropriate environment for learners to interact and exchange information.
Testees are involved in a listening activity in which they have to take notes and, for example, write a report. Other examples you could give: If the emphasis is on lexis, you could ask that one of the words be a colour or a family member, for example.
Characteristics of communicative activities The success of a communicative activity can be determined by the extent to which learners are dependent on the teacher. Communicative activities are meaningful: From letters to grammar Students must listen to a series of letters and then think of a meaningful phrase which uses each letter as the first letter of a word.
It becomes easier for students as they do more examples. Communicative activities are motivating. They can also do further research and compile their own ratios which they then exchange with classmates to write further sentences.
Learners should be at ease and have fun while doing the communicative tasks. Learners then have the chance to produce their own version of the activity.
This leads to communicative competence. Performance in communicative tests reflects an underlying competence that is linguistic, sociolinguistic, pragmatic, strategic…Communicative activities should consider this multi-dimensional nature of language. It can be used with all levels. It encourages creativity - students could make silly sentences, for example - as long as they are grammatically correct.
As an extension, you could put students in groups and allow them to choose four letters which they then exchange with another group to make phrases. Communicative tasks are realistic.
They encourage and require a learner to speak with and listen to other learners. Number of rows on a chess board v number of squares - 1: The order in which they use the letters is not important.
What follows is a summary of what he had to say including descriptions of his five suggested activities. Aztec pyramids are twice as old as Egyptian pyramids. The purpose of this activity is to get learners to think logically and critically, to use their general knowledge and to practise comparative forms.Five Communicative Language Learning Activities This was the title of a recent Cambridge English Teacher webinar given by Peter Lucantoni.
What follows is a summary of what he had to say including descriptions of his five suggested activities. Communicative language teaching was developed by teachers and applied linguists as a response to the shortcomings of the audiolingual and grammar translation methods. one of the distinctive points of communicative language teaching is the focus on communicative activities that promote language learning.
These activities use real life situations to trigger communication. Writing, like all other aspects of language, is communicative. Think about what we write in real life. We write e-mails, lists, notes, covering letters, reports, curriculums, assignments, essays perhaps if we study.
Task-based language teaching is a student-centered approach to second language instruction. It is an offshoot of the communicative approach, wherein activities focus on having students use authentic target language in order to complete meaningful tasks, i.e.
situations they might encounter in the real world and other project-based assignments. Communicative Language Teaching Clt English Language Essay. University of Prishtina. Faculty of Education. English Language Department. Thesis: CLT-Activities. Communicative Activities Choose from the list of communicative task templates and create an activity that is goal-directed, extended, structured, and controlled (Yule ).
Goal-directed discourse means that the speaker and the listener communicate in order to accomplish a specific goal.Download