European medieval knowledge about Asia beyond the reach of the Byzantine Empire was sourced in partial reports, often obscured by legends,  dating back from the time of the conquests of Alexander the Great and his successors.
Speke then traveled north alone and reached the southern creek of a lake, which he named Victoria Nyanza. As reforms began to move India towards independence, Burma was simply dragged along.
The Portuguese "received" everything outside of Europe east of a line that ran leagues west of the Cape Verde islands; this gave them control over Africa, Asia and western South America Brazil. It resolved by Papal intervention in when the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the world between the two powers.
By the mid-sixteenth century, however, England had recognized the advantages of trade with the East, and in English merchants enlisted Martin Frobisher to search for a northwest passage to India. Gilbert headed two trips to the New World.
Two great questions still remained unanswered. In Iceland, the Vikings left an extensive body of literature, the Icelandic sagas, in which they celebrated the greatest victories of their glorious past.
After returning, he dictated an account of his journeys to a scholar he met in Granada, the Rihla "The Journey" the unheralded source on his adventures. By the s, the East India Company controlled most of the Indian sub-continent, which included present-day Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Under its auspices numerous expeditions were sent out. Once Spanish suzereignancy was established the main focus became the extraction and export of gold and silver. He sailed home convinced that the great South Pacific continent of the map makers was a fable.
Scramble for Africa Africa was the target of the third wave of European colonialism, after that of the Americas and Asia. The first summer he examined the area to the south of the Indian Ocean; in the second, he searched the ocean between New Zealand and Cape Horn; and, in the third, the ocean between Cape Horn and the Cape of Good Hope.
The Northwest Passageon the other hand, also had its strong supporters. The first expedition departed in He reached Peking by way of India and Malaya, then traveled by sea to Canton; he returned to Europe by way of Central Asiavisiting Tibet in —the first European to do so.
Asking whether colonies paid, economic historian Grover Clark argues an emphatic "No! The voyage of Pytheas, like that of Hanno, does not seem to have been followed up. But the territorial disputes between Portugal and Spain were not resolved until when they signed the Treaty of Tordesillas, which drew a line leagues west of the Azores as the demarcation between the two empires.
Lawrence River as far as present-day Montreal. In the next decade several captains at the service of Prince Henry — including the Genoese Antonio da Noli and Venetian Alvise Cadamosto — discovered the remaining islands which were occupied during the 15th century.
Ferdinand Magellan had served in the East Indies as a young man. The newly dominant Atlantic economy was controlled by the states of Western Europe, such as France, Britain, and Germany, and to the present they have been the wealthiest and most powerful on the continent.
From the Canaries he sailed westward, for, on the evidence of the globes and maps in which he had faith, Japan was on the same latitude.
Sweeping down the outer edge of Britain, settling in OrkneyShetlandthe Hebridesand Ireland, they then voyaged on to Iceland, where in they settled among Irish colonists who had preceded them by some two centuries.
In Leonard Christensen, captain of a Norwegian whaler, landed a party at Cape Adare, the first to set foot on Antarctica. The promotion of profitable trade was yet another motive; he aimed to divert the Guinea trade in gold and ivory away from its routes across the Sahara to the Moors of Barbary North Africa and instead channel it via the sea route to Portugal.
However, it was soon brought within British India, of which it remained a part until He landed on a continent uncharted by Europeans and seen as a new worldthe Americas.
Bythe Portuguese were the strongest naval power in the Indian Ocean and the Malabar Coast was dominated by them. In the first half of the 10th century, English armies led by the descendants of Alfred of Wessex began reconquering Scandinavian areas of England; the last Scandinavian king, Erik Bloodaxe, was expelled and killed aroundpermanently uniting English into one kingdom.
As in Korea, the Japanese treatment of the Chinese people was particularly brutal as exemplified by the Nanjing Massacre. He had tremendous opportunities of seeing China and appreciating its life, for he was taken into the service of the khan and was sent as an administrator to great cities, busy ports, and remote provinces, with instructions to write full reports.
Conquests in the British Isles By the mid-ninth century, Ireland, Scotland and England had become major targets for Viking settlement as well as raids.
All seemed promising; trade was good with the riverine peoples, and the coast was trending hopefully eastward.Age of Exporation. The so-called Age of Exploration was a period from the early 15th century and continuing into the early 17th century, during which European ships were traveled around the world to search for new trading routes and partners to feed burgeoning capitalism in Europe.
Modern state global colonialism, or imperialism, began in the 15th century with the "Age of Discovery", led by Portuguese, and then by the Spanish exploration of the Americas, the coasts of Africa, the Middle East, India and East Asia.
could sail faster and instruments, like the quadrant, they started the Age of Exploration. Portuguese exploration At the end of the 15th century the Portuguese started to explore the west coast of Africa.
They set up trading posts and collected gold and silver.
They. Age of Exploration A period of global history that started in the 15th century and continued into the 18th century in which Europeans sailed around the world, discovering new routes to Asia, and new lands including North and South America which were unknown to people in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Age of Exploration, or Age of Discovery, is one of the most important events in the history of the western mint-body.com began in the early 15th century and continued until the end of the 17th century, and involved European explorers using their navigational skills to travel the world.
European exploration: European exploration of Earth, beginning about the 4th century BCE. the second is the so-called Age of Discovery, during which, From the time of the earliest recorded history to the beginning of the 15th century.Download